44. Increasing the role of local communities in humanitarian aid: from outside to inside – Peter Walker

Instructions

Learning outcome

After seeing this movie, you will realize that a new way of thinking in the field of HA might offer more options for local groups to be involved in HA projects and how they even can take the lead in these projects.

Activity

Watch the TED contribution of Peter Walker; https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vCGjRIVdOpc

Introduction

Peter Walker gives in his TED contributions a clear view on the business of HA. Most of the time the professionals in this field decide what will be done and how. In his plea he gives a new of thinking: It should be the local communities that should be on the lead.

Reflection 

How can local communities being involved in HA projects at the start and running a program?

What does Local means in this context?

How can this concept of Local from Peter Walker being related to the concept of ”Empowerment” in the field of Development Economics?

Take quiz

Question 11 pts

How many people see their lives, hopes, and livelihoods destroyed by disasters, flats, and wars?

Question 21 pts

How many dollars are spilled by the eight agencies mentioned by Peter Walker?

Question 31 pts

Why will we see more frequent disasters in more places with more destructive pile in the future? 1. As climate change cuts in 2. As our society struggles to adapt Which statement(s) is/are true?

Question 41 pts

As the number of people caught up in crisis increases, the ability to provide an effective relief with a centralized and top down model is failing. What kind of model/way of working do we need instead?

Question 51 pts

How many billions are yearly spent on humanitarian aid?

Question 61 pts

Peter Walker illustrates his presentation with an example of a shipping food aid operation in Ethiopia. How many of the food aid was actually led and funded by the agency of Peter Walker?

Question 71 pts

How many percent of the humanitarian aid is direct aid?

Question 81 pts

Which of the following three statements match the vision of Peter Walker of how the international aid system should look like? 1. It should be locally led 2. It should be locally owned 3. It should be locally financed

Question 91 pts

Unfortunately, the international aid system does not look (completely) like Peter Walker’s vision yet. How does the current international aid system look like?

Question 101 pts

How are the current agreements between the international organizations and the local community called?

Question 111 pts

What are the current agreements between the international organizations and the local community really?

Question 121 pts

Peter Walker gives an example of aid in Mozambique. He mentions the fact that children in Mozambique are devastated by the civil war and turned into child soldiers who committed in horrendous war crimes. The local community decided to use the ceremony they previously only used for the dead. In this ceremony, children enter the house, the house is set on fire, thereafter the children are pulled out of the fire and reborn as a new person. Which important characteristic of what locally led aid can be is highlighted in this example?

Question 131 pts

What are the benefits be of locally led aid?

Question 141 pts

How can the appropriateness of aid be increased?

Question 151 pts

What is needed in order to increase the effectiveness of aid? 1. Our willingness is needed in order to increase the effectiveness of aid 2. Our faith is needed in order to increase the effectiveness of aid 3. Our trust is needed in order to increase the effectiveness of aid Which statements are correct?