After completing this activity, the student will be familiar the concept of global cluster leads and know which agencies are global cluster leads in the sectors most relevant for public health in emergencies.
Please visit the OCHA webpage on cluster coordination and answer the questions below.
The Humanitarian Reform of 2005 introduced new elements to improve capacity, predictability, accountability, leadership and partnership. The most visible aspect of the reform is the creation of the Cluster Approach. Clusters are groups of humanitarian organisations (UN and non-UN) working in the main sectors of humanitarian action, e.g. shelter and health. Globally each cluster is headed by a global cluster lead, that is, a UN agency or humanitarian NGO who is responsible for coordinating the humanitarian response within that specific sector.
The UN entity responsible for overall coordination of the humanitarian response is the Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). OCHA works closely with global cluster lead agencies, UN agencies and humanitarian NGOs to develop policies, coordinate inter-cluster issues, disseminate operational guidance and organise field support.